Bharatanatyam or Bharathanatiyam is a noteworthy genre of Indian Classical Dance that started in the Hindu sanctuaries of Tamil Nadu and neighbouring regions. Traditionally, Bharatanatyam has been a dance form that was performed only by women and communicated Hindu religious topics and profound thoughts, especially of Shaivism, additionally of Vaishnavism and Shaktism.

Bharatanatyam’s hypothetical establishments follow to the antiquated Sanskrit content Natya Shastra, its existence  by second century is noted in the old Tamil epic Silappatikaram, while sanctuary figures of sixth to ninth century recommend it was an all around refined execution craftsmanship by mid first thousand years. Bharatanatyam is conceivably the most oldest classical dance tradition of India.


Bharatanatyam style is noted for its fixed upper torso, legs bent or knees flexed out combined with spectacular footwork, a refined vocabulary of  sign language based on gestures of hands, eyes and face muscles. The dance  is accompanied by music and a vocalist, and commonly her master is available as the chief of the performance. The dance has traditionally been a type of an interpretive portrayal of legendary legends and profound thoughts from the Hindu texts. The performance repertoire of Bharatanatyam,  like other classical dances, includes nrita (pure dance), nritya (solo expressive dance) and natya (group dramatic dance).

Bharatanatyam stayed restrictive to Hindu sanctuaries through the nineteenth century, was prohibited by the colonial British government in 1910, the Indian people group challenged the boycott and extended it outside the sanctuaries in the twentieth century. Modern Stage productions creations of Bharatanatyam have consolidated specialised exhibitions, immaculate move in light of non-religious thoughts and combination themes.


Bharatanatyam, similar to all significant traditional Indian dance forms, takes after the three classifications of execution in the Natya Shastra. These are Nritta (Nirutham), Nritya (Niruthiyam) and Natya (Natyam).

The Nritta execution is abstract, quick and cadenced part of the dance. The viewer witnesses pure movement in Bharatanatyam, wherein the accentuation is the excellence in movement, form, speed, range and pattern.This piece of the collection has no recounting story. It is a specialized execution, and aims to engage the senses (prakriti) of the audience.

The Nritya is slower and expressive part of the dance that endeavors to convey sentiments, storyline especially with profound topics in Hindu dance traditions. In a nritya, the dance- acting grows to incorporate quiet articulation of words through signals and body movement set to melodic notes. The performer explains a legend or a profound message. This piece of a Bharatanatyam collection is more than tactile pleasure, it expects to connect with the feelings and psyche of the viewer.

The Natyam is a play, commonly a group performance, yet can be carried on by a Solo performer where the artist utilizes certain institutionalized body developments to demonstrate another character in the fundamental story. A Natya consolidates the components of a Nritya.